Rome Catacombs, Ancient Jewish and Christian Cemeteries

Rome Catacombs, Ancient Jewish and Christian Cemeteries

Catacombs in Rome – Jewish and Christian cemeteries

Rome Catacombs, Ancient Jewish and Christian Cemeteries  Rome Information the best site on tourism in rome

Rome Catacombs, Ancient Jewish and Christian Cemeteries

THE CATACOMBS OF ROME

(LE CATACOMBE DI ROMA)

 

Rome Catacombs, Ancient Jewish and Christian Cemeteries – Ancient underground cemeteries, underground burial tunnels Rome information tours Information about the catacombs in Rome, Rome – Catacombs in Rome – ancient underground cemeteries, underground burial tunnels in Rome – Italy. Most of the Catacombs are concentrated on the Apian Way.

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Rome, Italy, tours information, about, catacombs in Rome, Rome Catacombs, ancient, underground cemeteries, underground burial, tunnels, in Rome, the Catacombs, the Apian Way, Roman tombs, catacombs of  San Sebastiano, ancient Romans, city of Rome, Christians catacombs, Jewish catacombs, catacombs Tour, information about the catacombs

Christians dug an estimated 375 miles of tomb-lined tunnels, with networks of galleries as many as five layers deep.

The volcanic tufa stone that Rome sits atop — soft and easy to cut, but which hardens when exposed to air — was perfect for the job.

The Christians burrowed many layers deep for two reasons: to get more mileage out of the donated land, and to be near martyrs and saints already buried there.

Most of the Catacombs are concentrated on the Appian Way.

The Apian Antica these days, is best known for its catacombs and tombs.

According to the Roma law, inherited from Etruscans, all burials had to be outside the pomerium, the sacred ground of the city itself, and like all consular roads the Via Appia was soon crowded with cemeteries and elaborate mausoleums of the wealthy.

Later the early Christian community built some of its most extensive catacombs here-the word itself is believed to come from the catacombs of  San Sebastiano, located near a dip (ad catacombs) in the road.

The Christians called them simply cemeteries.

Popular romance and modern cinema not with standing, they were never places of refuge from persecution or anything else; as cruel as the ancient Romans could be, they regarded bodies, even of executed ‘criminals’, as inviolate and their tombs as sacred.

Later Romans, as you’ve probably noticed by now, lacked any qualms their ancestors may have had and so, you may well ask, why is the Via Appia Antica so well preserved when the rest of extramural Rome has been mercilessly buried under tons of concrete? The Catacombs, a main destination in the Dark ages, were first pillaged by the Goths and the Lombards, and then by relic hunters; after the Saracen raid of 847, the whole Via Appia declined, and became infested throats malaria.

The Catacombs were abandoned and forgotten.

The great archaeologist Giambattista De Rossi rediscovered the lost Catacombs of St. Calixtus in 1850, while the sculptor Antonio Canova deserves the credit for the innovative idea of leaving the tombs, or at least casts, along the road where they were found instead of carting them off to rot in a museum.

 underground burial tunnels

 

LIST OFSOME OF THE CATACOMBS IN ROME

  • Rome Christian catacombs in Rome
  • Rome Catacombs of Marcellinus and Peter in Rome
  • Rome Catacombs of Domitilla in Rome
  • Rome Catacombs of Commodilla in Rome
  • Rome Catacombs of Generosa in Rome
  • Rome Catacombs of Prætextatus in Rome
  • Rome Catacombs of San Callisto in Rome
  • Rome Catacombs of San Lorenzo in Rome
  • Rome Catacombs of San Pancrazio in Rome
  • Rome Catacombs of San Sebastiano in Rome
  •  Rome Catacombs of San Valentino
  • Rome Catacombs of Sant’Agnese in Rome
  • Rome Catacombs of via Anapo in Rome
  • Rome Jewish catacombs in Rome
  • Rome Catacombs of the Villa Torlonia in Rome